Traditional Festivals of Iran
The celebration of Iranian New Year, starts on March 20 (the first day of the Iranian Calendar year) and is considered the most important holiday in Iran. Festivities take place over 12 days as a sign of the past 12 months. During these 12 days, all Iranian families gather around and visit each other. Celebrations involves the spring cleaning of homes. Another tradition is enjoying Haji firooz, a person who makes his face black and wears a red dress, walks around the streets and entertains people by singing a special song.
Festival of Fire (Chahar Shanbeh Soori)
Taking place annually on the night before the last Wednesday (Tuesday night) in the Iranian Calendar year. It marks the importance of the light over the darkness, arrival of spring and revival of nature. the Festival of Fire sees bonfires sprouting up in various public areas and parks. People jump over the burning cinders and shout, “Give me your red colour and take back sickly pallor," which is a purification ritual. Many Iranians believe their ancestors’ spirits visit during the last few days of the year.
Yalda Festival (Shab e Cheleh)
Celebrated on the longest night of year which generally falls somewhere in the middle of December, this festival marks the defeat of evil. Iranians will eat melon, which is thought to ward off illness and visitors will find many restaurants serving dishes that involve the fruit.
The turning point. End of the longest night (darkness) of the year, and beginning of growing of the days (Lights). A celebration of Good over Evil. Also known as Shab-e-Yalda they have special nuts for that night.
Persian Festival of "Joy and Solidarity". The 13th and last day of Nowruz celebration. Because of the end of twelve days (a sample of twelve month) they celebrate the 13th day as a new beginning of the next twelve month and it has no relations with the number 13 (as an unlucky number). It is celebrated outdoors along with the beauty of nature. Al-Bīrūnī also called this day: tir ruz: blissed day.
Festival of Mehr (or Mihr). A day of thanksgiving. It is a day which everyone show the mehr or the love they have for each other and it is one of the most important days in the year.
Jashn -e- Sadeh
A mid-winter feast to honour fire and to "defeat the forces of darkness, frost and cold" in which people gather around and build a fire so that they can receive good things from the fire and give the fire their incompleteness.
Day of Love, Friendship and Earth in ancient Persian culture.